We’ve all heard of the Garden of Eden, where life was first created and the first man and woman lived with God. The thought of such a wonderful garden has fascinated and puzzled many for years as to where it may still be located. Where is that garden? Has anyone ever found it? Does the Bible give any clues as to where it is?
Genesis 2:8, 10-14 (New International Version, ©2011)
8 Now the LORD God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden… 10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. 11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin[a] and onyx are also there.) 13 The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.[b] 14 The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is theEuphrates.
Here we’re given 4 landmarks from which we can use to pinpoint whereEdenis. There is a river which branches into four, Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, andEuphrates. Now the last two may sound very familiar, and that is because there are two major rivers in the middle east called the Tigris and Euphrates which flow somewhat parallel southeast through Iraq, Kuwait and outlet into the Persian Gulf.
Pishon and Gihon however do not exist today. Or if they do, have long since been renamed. When it comes to natural landmarks and features we tend to think of them as almost permanent in our human history. Which I believe stems from our education being indoctrinated with long age dogma that claims it takes millions of years for geological and natural changes to occur. So if Genesis is only a few thousand years old, and we believe it takes hundreds of thousands of years for these rivers to carve out paths in the land, we naturally think they should exist today. So where is the Pishon and Gihon?
What we need to understand is that natural landmarks and formations can come about suddenly and just as suddenly disappear. Lakes, glaciers, rivers come and go, change, appear and disappear due to climate change and have been doing so every day for thousands of years. So, just because we can’t locate the Pishon and Gihon today doesn’t mean they never existed, they could have long ago dried up or as said before, have simply been named something else long ago.
Going back to the Tigris and Euphrates, since the Bible says the Tigris and Euphrates were fed by one river that flowed fromEden. Looking at a map, you may notice that both rivers become very close near Bagdhad. This has led many to believe that Bagdhad Iraq may have been within close proximity to the original garden of Eden. The problem with this theory is that the Tigris and Euphrates don’t flow from the same source and branch off, they instead come from different sources and branch together before entering thePersian Gulf. The exact opposite of what the Bible describes.
The most damaging to this theory, and any theory of the proposed garden of Eden, is one most completely over look: the world wide flood. We can’t forget that God destroyed the earth’s inhabitants with a massive global flood that surely reshaped the earth’s continents and general geographical contours. In other words, we’ll never find the garden of Eden, because where ever it was originally located, has long ago been destroyed by the flood. Noah and his descendants emerged from the ark and repopulated earth from the Ararat mountain range, which is located closely to the sources of the Tigris andEuphrates rivers. Surely knowledge of the garden of Eden and it’s history transcended through the populations which then named the rivers Tigris and Euphrates after two of the four rivers inEden. Though that is just speculation, but reasonable.
In conclusion, the damage of the flood makes it pointless to search for the garden of Eden here on earth.
 Genesis 8:4